A change in Phayeng village
The overall objective of the project is to enhance the climate resilience of the community and their adaptive or coping capacity. Primary objective of the programme is to develop a model carbon positive eco village in the Himalayan Ecosystem blending traditional and modern adaptive practices to reduce vulnerability and enhance resilience for traditional livelihood. The project applies an innovative method of resource conservation and eco-system based adaptation in the model village. At present, the villagers have experienced many types of climate anomaly. Rainfall has become totally erratic. The intensity of the rainfall has increased but the villagers feel that the number of rainy days has decreased over the years. The average day and night temperature are getting warmer during the summer months and as well as in the winter months.
Greater dependence of the rural population on agriculture and natural resources coupled with high prevalence of poverty, isolation, and marginality makes the villagers highly sensitive to climate variability, extreme climate events, and climate change. To improve the livelihood of the villagers through sustainable ways is the core issue of the programme. As a result, sustainable agriculture has been initiated with the introduction of the system of rice intensification (SRI) and integrated pest and nutrient management along with proper irrigation facilities. Construction of masonry dam, boulder sausage dam and stone pitching at eroded zones have been done. Widening of Maklang River have also started to facilitate proper flow of the water. For the protection of the natural resources for reducing the climate variability, tree plantation in the command area have been taken up to increase water infiltration and ground water recharge.
A portion of Maklang river after widening to facilitate proper flow of water
To effectively reduce the energy consumption and CO2 emission in the Phayeng village, the streets are lighted with solar lamps and generation of energy from biomass is introduced. Capacity building and skill development of the villagers have also been enhanced by imparting training to a Self Help Group on juice making and marketing of the processed products. An automated weather station has been set up to collect information of various weather parameters such as rainfall, temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, etc. to provide round the clock weather information of the region. This will help in monitoring the changes in the micro-climate of the village which is likely to occur in the wake of climate change.
New changes came with the installation of solar lamp
The project is a follow up action of Manipur State Action Plan on Climate Change. The activities of the project have been prioritized under Ecosystem, Bio-diversity and Sustainable Livelihood of the State Action Plan on Climate Change, Manipur. The success of the project will be measured by the adaptive capability of the people to climate vulnerabilities and replication of the Carbon Positive Eco-Model village project to other villages.