PROFILE OF SHIRUI VILLAGE

Shirui village[1] is located about 13 kms East of Ukhrul town. As per 2011 census, it has a total population of 1256 persons comprising of 689 males and 576 females. Its population constitutes less than 1 prcent of the total population of the district. The village has a sex ratio of 835 females per 1000 males which is comparatively much lower than the district and state average of 943 and 992 respectively. The total number of households of the village is 284. 

Population

1265

Male

689

Female

576

Sex Ratio

835

Literacy Rate

93.51

No.of Households

284

 Source: Census of India

[*] Shirui village as per 2011 census is categorised into two; viz Shirui chingkha and Shirui Chingthak. However, here the two are clubbed together for making this profile as the village is found functioning under one administration during a survey in  February 2015

With regard to educational infrastructure, the village has one Government high school, one schooless school and a private run primary school. Despite the limited number of educational infrastructure, the literacy rate of the village (93.51%) is comparatively much higher than the average district literacy rate of 81. 38 percent. On the health front, the village has one pimary health sub centre which is not functioning well.

 Educational Institutions

School

Nos.

Government High School

1

Government-run Schooless School

1

Private-run Primary school

1

Administrative set up:

The village is classified as two zones viz; Shirui chingthak and Shirui chingkha. There exists a unique feature of two headmen governing the village under a single administration. There are seven clans in the village namely, Shangh Shimray, Langkan Shang, Wungsek, Luirei, Mungleng, Vaca and Hongray. Head of the clans constitute the members of the village authority excepting the village secretary.  Shirui village upholds an age-old political and administrative set up where the headman and the village authority members are all hereditary.

Flora and Fauna:

One of the main attraction of Shirui village is its rich flora and fauna. Shirui (kashong) peak is home to the state flower, Shirui Lily, a rare and endangered species. This particular species attracts thousands of tourists every year. Moreover several other threatened birds and animals which find their natural habitat in the region are brown hornbill, blyth’s tragopan, golden cat, greater spotted eagle, himalayan salamander etc. However the changing climate scenario and different forms of human interference in the region have impacted adversely to these species. The efforts to protect the endangered species have been initiated by the Village Youth Club for the past many years. Some of the measures taken up by this club includes frisking of visitors, serving as volunteers in guarding the site during the blossoming seasons, imposing monetary penalty to those who pluck and uproot the plants,

Composition of workers: 

Main Workers

Marginal workers

Total

Male

315

24

339

Female

290

26

316

Total

605

50

655

         
Source: Census of India

Total workforce of Shirui village is 51.77 percent comprising of 605 main workers and 50 marginal workers. Cultivators constitutes majority of the workers. It is found that the participation rate of female workers (54.88%) is higher than participation rate of male workers (49.2%). Cultivators constitute the major bulk of main and marginal workers whereas agricultural labourers and industry workers and minimal or negligible.

 Category

Cultivators

Agricultural Labourers

Household Industry workers

Other workers

Main Workers

464

1

2

138

Marginal workers

17

0

1

32

Source: Census of India

Climatic Profile:

The climatic condition of the village is temperately cool in most part of the year.  The average maximum temperature recorded is 27.98º C and the minimum temperature recorded is 1.48ºC (2014). The average annual rainfall is 433.9 mm in 2014 as compared to 130.39 mm in 2013. The average minimum relative humidity is 9.68 % (2014). The rainy season in the district is from May to beginning of October generally but winter is chilly. Shirui also experience mild snowfall in the shirui peak. However, the ocurrence and level of snowfall has become less frequent. Average temperature and relative humidity of the village have been increasing over the years. Moreover erratic rainfall have become more common in the recent years. 

Agriculture:

Agriculture is the main occupation of the village. Rice cultivation for subsistence has been associated with the village since time immemorial. However a recent survey of the village shows that there has been a drastic change in the pattern of agricultural activities during the past 2 decades. Non-availability of water in some of the cultivating area has prompted cultivators to divert to other forms of farming in the forest areas

 Water Resources:

There are mainly four major rivers in the village namely Shinguira kong, Ratik, Yangui, Maret kongrei. These rivers originate from the crevices and slopes of this Shirui Peak. These rivers not only provides drinking water for the village but also as the sole source of irrigation for the paddy fields. Moreover two major rivers of Shirui village namely Shinguira kong and yangui serve as the main source of drinking water of Ukhrul town.

Forest Resources:

Forest is considered one of the main natural resources of the village. It provides numerous foodstuffs including mushrooms, bamboo shoots and different types of vegetables besides being the main source of raw materials for handicraft purposes. Many households depend on  forest and forest products as their main income. . In addition, commercialisation of firewood is rampant in the village as it serves as one of the most dominant source of income for many househlolds.  This is the most contributing factor of deforestation in the village.

Pattern of ownership and use of land

Major portion of the village land is owned by private individuals. The main land use pattern of the village owned by private individuals can be classified as homestead land, cultivable and fallow land. This includes paddy fields and vegetable farming areas. Community land or public land is owned either by the church or the village.