INTRODUCTION

        Imphal West district was created a district on 17th June, 1997 under the Manipur Land Revenue and Land Reforms Act of 1960. The formation of the district make the sub division bifurcated into two each namely Lamshang and Patsoi sub division in the Imphal West I sub division while Lamphelpat and Wangoi sub division in the Imphal West II sub division. The district is again divided into two community development blocks (CDBs) namely the Imphal West I C.D.Block and Imphal West II C.D.Block. The sub-divisions are further divided into ten circles. Lamshang sub-division has 3 circles (Sekmai, Lamshang and Salam), Patsoi sub-division has 2 circles (Konthoujam and Patsoi), Lamphelpat sub-division has one circle (Lamphel Central) and Wangoi sub-division has 4 circles (Wangoi, Mayang Imphal, Hiyangthang and Lilong). The district is occupied by many community including the Meiteis, Nagas, Kuki-Chin-Mizo and Gorkhas groups and Muslims and other indigenous group which lived in complete harmony for centuries. These are the people whose folklore, myths and legends, dances, indigenous games and martial arts, exotic handlooms and handicrafts are invested with the mystic of nature. The district is also rich in tourism sector. There are many tourist spots in the Imphal west which attracts the tourist. Geographically, the district is located at the centre of the state, the Manipur, covering an area of 519 sq kms. The GPS location for the valley is calculated as 25, 5, 31.9N to 94, 8, 49.3E with 790 metre above mean sea level. The region is mainly consists of alluvial and loamy soil. The soils are made up of shallow black, brown and alluvial soils. It is believe that the Imphal district was once covered with swamps and marshy lands regarding the names of some famous place like Lamphelpat, Takyelpat, Khonghampat, Kakwapat, Poiroupat (Pat means lake in local dialect). Some of the major rivers flowing in the district are Imphal river, Nambul river etc. The Nambul River is made up of a number of small streams on its upper course. The course of the river is short and its outlet falls on the Loktak Lake. The Water from these two rivers and their tributaries are used for domestic, irrigational and other purposes. Both the Imphal and Nambul rivers are seasonal type. They are fully filled only during the monsoon season and almost dried up in the dry season. Ground water resource is also available in the district. Various wetlands are also found in the district. The wetland area found in the district is found to be 84.18 sq km or 13.27% of the total wetland area covered while the total crop area in the district is calculated as 345.8. the forest cover of imphal west district is recorded as 56 and others as 78.02 which leads to the total land use pattern of the district as 559.

       Demographically, the district is calculated as one of the most urbanized and densely populated district in the whole state. The district has a total population of 517992 with male population of 255054 and female population of 262938 respectively. The literacy rate in the district is 86.08% while the sex ratio is recorded as 99.05%. The population density in the Imphal West district is recorded as 992. Most of the people in the district are incorporated as workers, 41.19% of the total population in comparison with other districts Imphal West district is progressed in industrial handloom and handicrafts and other traditional cottage and small scale industries; however constitute the bulk of the industrial units. Important products which are manufactured both for local needs and export are bed sheet, pillow cover, shawl, scarf, mosquito net, curtain, phanek (loincloth for women), etc. of various designs and colours. Blacksmith, Jewellery, cane and bamboo works are another important work on cottage industries. In the small scale sector, there are industries like carpentry and wooden furniture, saw mill, rice and flour mill, iron and steel works, repairing of cycles and automobiles, tailoring and embroidery, tyre retreating and vulcanising, etc. The economy of the district is agrarian in nature; the agricultural product is also one of the economic parameter of the district. In spite of the above, many education facilities and infrastructure are abundantly available in this part of the district. Primary schools, middle school, secondary, higher secondary, colleges and university are available in the Imphal district itself.

       The administration of the district is headed by the District Magistrate-cum- Deputy Commissioner (Collector) which is assisted by other officers and staff appointed from time to time. Maintenance of law and order, revenue administration and other developmental activities of the district are the basic duties of the district administration.

       Health is a major issue for the whole district and now a days many private and public facilities are established in the districts including the Regional institute of medical science, lamphel.  With the rising of urban population, decadel growth and other institution and technology are developed in the imphal district; the district is regarded as one of the urbanized districts in the whole state.