INTRODUCTION

        Imphal East district came into existence after the division of the Imphal district into two separate districts under the name Imphal East and Imphal West on 18th June. 1997. The district is a valley district having a geographical area of 709 sq.km. Its coordinates of location are 25°5'31.995"N to 24°39'45.25"N latitude and 94°8'49.324"E to 93°53'47.559"E longitude.

        The total number of households of Imphal East as per 2011 census is 91,822 with a total population of 456113 persons out of which the proportion of SC and ST population is 15,839 and 27,657 persons. The decadal growth rate from 2001 to 2011 was found to be 15.51. The population density is 643 persons per square kilometre as compared to 557 persons and 466 persons in 2001 and 1991 respectively. As per the census report of 2011, the district has a sex ratio of 1017 female per thousand males which is much higher than the state average of 985. The literate population comprised of 324664 persons with a literacy rate of 81.95.

       The district is the most developed in the state. However, the per capita income of majority of the population of the district is low while comparing to various districts of different state of India even though it is highest in the state. From the 2011 Census we found that about 42.71% of the population of Imphal East are workers i.e. persons whose main activity is participation in any economically productive work by physical or mental activities. Education is considered as one of the main factor which gives direct impact to the upliftment of the social status. Various government and private educational institute, such as school, colleges and universities are found in the district. 

      The district is divided into four sub-divisions and it consists of 11 assembly constituencies. Porompat sub-division is the district head quarter of the district.

     The average maximum temperature recorded is 37.84º C and the minimum temperature recorded is 3.47ºC in 2015. The district received an average annual rainfall of 565.13 mm in 2015 as compared to 660.53 mm in 2014. The average relative humidity recorded for the year 2015 is 74.4 %.

    There is marked increase in the total population of Imphal East with around 40.17 % comprising the urban population leading to the changes in the land use pattern. The latest scenario of the land use pattern is comprised of total crop area (38.4%), forest (34.1%), and wetland (3%) while the remaining 24.5% of the land area is utilized in ‘others’ category which includes cultivable wasteland, area under settlement, market area, urban wasteland.

    There has been rapid increase in the urban population in the recent decades. There has been negative change in the rural population but positive change or increase in the urban population during the last decade, i.e. from 2001 to 2011. A decadal increase of 15.51% of the population was observed during the last decade from 2001 to 2011.

    Due to urbanization of Imphal city, there is scarcity in the energy sector because of rapid increase of consumer. The agricultural products which were quite of sustainable amount seem to be short of supply for sustenance. There is shortage of potable water supply to the public for domestic use. All these impacts to the society are directly or indirectly because of the climate change. There has been change in climatic phenomenon in the past decades. Due to such changes in climatic phenomena and shortage of the sustainable essential resources of the inhabitants of the district, health conditions and immune against diseases and illness decrease. Such changes in the health of the inhabitants gives rises to the various number of illness, which in turns requires health centres and medical personals to prevent or to cure the illness. Medical facility is the much needed sector in a developing society. In Imphal district there has been increase in the number of health facilities available in the recent years. Many privates and public sector medical health centres are established.