3.    Japanese Encephalitis

Japanese Encephalitis (JE) is the leading cause of viral encephalitis. It mainly attacks children younger than 15 years of age. Approximately 20-25% of those infected usually die and among the survivors, about 30% develop disabilities - mental, physical or both.

Table 5. Cases of Japanese Encephalitis

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

Case-death

118   -  15

Case- death

   11 -  0

Case- death

   2   -  0

Case- death

   1  -   0

Case- death

   1  -   0

Source: Annual report NVBDCP 2014-15

Table 6. Climate Change on Sensitive Disease in Manipur

Year

Malaria

Dengue

Japanese Encephalitis

Cases

Death

Cases

Death

Cases

Death

2001

943                  5

Nil                   Nil

Nil                  Nil

2002

1268                9

Nil                   Nil

Nil                  Nil

2003

2589                17

Nil                   Nil

2                     1

2004

2736                 8

Nil                   Nil

1                     Nil

2005

2071                Nil

Nil                   Nil

Nil                   Nil

2006

2709                 8

Nil                   Nil

Nil                   Nil

2007

1194                 4

5                      1

65                   Nil

2008

708                   2

Nil                  Nil

4                      Nil

2009

1069                 1

Nil                  Nil

64                   Nil

2010

947                   4

7                     Nil

118                 15

2011

714                   1

220                Nil

11                    Nil

2012

255                   Nil

6                    Nil

2                      Nil

2013

120                   Nil

9                    Nil

 1                     Nil

2014

118                   Nil

Nil                 Nil

  1                    Nil

             

           Source:  Directorate of National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme

As per the report of Health Dept. incidence of the cases of Japanese Encephalitis & Dengue are on the rise in the state. Disease and epidemiological points towards the relationship between the occurrence of Dengue and Japanese Encephalitis to subtle change in climatic conditions that favour the breeding and proliferation of their vectors.