VECTOR BORNE DISEASES AND CASES IN MANIPUR

 

1.    Malaria

 

Malaria is an acute parasitic illness mainly caused by Plasmodium Vivax and Plasmodium falciparum in India.

 

 

Table 1.    Malaria incidence                                                   

Annual Parasite Incidence (API)

Total

2009

>10

5 to 10

2 to 5

1 to 2

<= 1

 

 

0

0

1

1

10

12

2010

>10

5 to 10

2 to 5

1 to 2

<= 1

 

 

0

0

2

0

10

12

2011

>10

5 to 10

2 to 5

1 to 2

<= 1

 

 

12

0

0

1

11

12

2012

 

 

 

 

 

255

2013

 

 

 

 

 

120

2014

 

 

 

 

 

118

             Source: NVBDCP Annual Report 2012 to 2014

Table: 2. District wise percentage contribution of Malaria cases

Sl. no

Districts

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

1

Tamenglong

42

26

18

24

35

52

2

Churachandpur

11

8

16

19

23

24

3

Imphal East

7

17

28

14

17

5

4

Ukhrul

14

10

8

9

3

6

5

Chandel

10

13

12

9

4

6

6

Other districts (Bishnupur, Thoubal, Imphal West & Senapati

7

23

16

23

18

7

              Source: Directorate of Environment Government of Manipur 2013

Intensified Malaria Control Project II (IMCP II) under GFATM R9 In the month of January 2015 under the IMCP, 77 fever cases were tested with RDT which is used for early parasitological diagnosis. The highest number of cases records from Imphal East with 51 cases folllowed by Tamenglong district 25 cases and 1 case from Chandel district.

 

 

National Rural Health Mission (NRHM)

The malaria related expected outcome of the NRHM is reduction of malaria mortality by 50% by 2010 and an additional 10% by 2012. The NRHM has already had tangible results. The number of government hospitals had increased from 4,751 in 2000 to 7,663 in 2006. There has been a scale up of ASHAs in malaria endemic and tribal areas and a total of 481,308 ASHAs have been selected.

Table 3.  Status of ASHAs in Manipur

Number of ASHAs In-Position

Number of ASHA Trained in Malaria

3878

3120

                             Source: www.wbhealth.gov.in