The state has per capita one of the highest concentrations of health manpower among the North-Eastern states. The state has two medical colleges RIMS & JNIMS and their attached hospitals plus 7 districts hospitals. Further there are 26 private hospitals and nursing homes registered under Manipur Nursing Home & Clinic registration Act 1992. Medical facilities in the state were mainly provided by the state government. It is the basic social input for healthy and efficient human resources.
The incidence of vector borne diseases viz. Malaria, Filaria, Kala-azar, Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) including Japanese Encephalitis (JE), Dengue and Chikungunya are linked with economic and social development of the community. There are various factors which govern the transmission of these diseases. The spread of many of these diseases may likely be the impacts of climate change.
Based on the relative humidity and temperature, the transmission windows (TWs) of Malaria may remain open for at least 7-9 months in a year at most parts of the state. Tamenglong, Churachandpur and Imphal East districts account for 70% of the total Malaria cases in the state. Health maybe directly or indirectly linked to the climate change in many ways like propagation of the vector and water borne diseases and its related outbreaks, deterioration in nutritional health due to loss of food security and reducing cereal yields etc. Moreover, with projected increase in surface temperature, increased in frequency and intensity of extreme events such as increased in night temperature, increased in number of warm days, extreme heat and heavy precipitation etc. the conditions in health sector is likely to deteriorate. Climate change can further impact the population which has a lower capacity to combat the impacts and their access to medical facilities. In the future, due to anthropogenic causes, the impacts on human health are likely to escalate with respect to their virulence and spread to hitherto disease-free areas.
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