INTRODUCTION

    Churachandpur District is Manipur’s largest district, spreading over 4570 sq.km and occupying 20.4 % of state’s area. On its eastern flank the district shares an international border with Myannar. At its broad middle its south lies the neighbouring State of Mizoram, while its western flank has the cachar District of Assam. Within the state the district of Chandel lies to its east, Tamenglong to its west and and to the north lies the plains of the Imphal Valley, with the famous freshwater lake Loktak.

    The district with its headquarter at Churachandpur, is located at a latitude of 230 56' 20.4′′  N to 240 36 ' 46.8′′  N and longitudes of 920 58' 12′′   E to 930 52' 58.8′′E. The native tribal folks call the district headquarters of Churachandpur as “Lamka”. Physiographically, the district is mostly of  hilly region with just 5.57% of the area being plain.

    According to the 2011 census report, Churachandpur district has a total population of 2,74,143 which made up for 10.67 % of the population of Manipur. The district has 1, 38,820male and 135,323 female thus having a sex ratio of 975 females for every 1000 males. It has a population density of 60 inhabitants per square kilometer and a literacy rate of 82.78%.

The district is divided into 5 Revenue Sub-divisions and 6 T.D block in the district.

Sub-division

Headquarter

Tipaimuk

Parbung

Thanlon

Thanlon

Churachandpur North

Henglep

Churachandpur

Churachandpur

Singngat

Singngat

 

T.D. Block

Headquarter

Parbung

Parbung

Thanlon

Thanlon

Churachandpur

Churachandpur

Henglep

Henglep

Samulamlen

Samulamlen

Singngat

Singngat

 

Administrative Divisions                

No. of units

Village Authority

612

Sub-Deputy Collector Centre

9

Vidhan Sabha Seats   

6

District Council Seats

20

    The Climate is generally moderate, with a hot and humid belt where the River Barak while rushing southwards suddenly does a U-turn at Tipaimukh, and sweeps majestically westwards into the plains of Assam’s Cachar District. The month of December, January and February are quite cold, often made chilly because of the cold winds that sweep through the land. The remaining nine months are often rainy, but with dry spells that even make a tinderbox of many a hillside.

    According to the survey conducted by Department of Agriculture, Government of Manipur, the net sown area is less than 1 Sq.km. and the whole cultivated area is rain-fed area. Rice is the main crop cultivated in the district. Other major crops are wheat, sugarcane, pulses, oil seed, etc.

    The area under forest as per the State of Forest Report 2013 of the Forest Survey of India (FSI) is 4,286 Sq. Km which is about 93.79% of the total district area and most of the forest of Churachandpur also comes under the Open forest category. 

    The wetland area estimated is 4102 ha. Small wetlands, which are less than minimum mapable units (MMU), are 56 in the district. This is mainly due to presence of river/streams. One reservoir is located near Lamzang.

    The district is mainly drained by small rivers like Khuga, Tuila, Tuili, Leimatak, Tuivai and Barak of Manipur River. Leimatak River and Tuipuilui River, tributaries of Irang River flow towards northerly direction, while the rest of the rivers flow in general southerly direction.

    On the part of the health factor of the district, the Statistical Year Book, Manipur 2013, reported a District Hospital, eleven primary health centre’s, one community health centre’s and seven dispensaries to have been situated in the district. Health status especially securing children’s lives through intervention in better reproductive is viewed as priority in the district.

    The district on an average is a performing district in some facets of development. Basic amenities like housing, drinking water, roads,  electricity together with improvement in connectivity and communication system have emerged as priority areas for development interventions in the district.